Most Popular and Influential Programming Languages of 2018

Coding Languages

Now that weve looked at the most popular programming languagesright now, were going to take the liberty of predicting whats to come in 2018 and beyond.

Lets get into it. Below are the most popular programming languages of 2018, and predictions about the future of code.

C is one of the oldest, most popular programming languages, thanks to its near universal portability and early adoption by Techs biggest brands, including Microsoft, Apple, Linux, and Oracle. C is also the most popular language for embedded systems in cars, electronics, and other devices. Nearly everything that we touch today, from our cell phones to alarm clocks, is influenced by if not directly written in the C language.

Thats why we are looking at the most popular and influential programming languages for 2018. For aspiring programmers, consider this your course list. For current developers, it is a chance to enhance your skills and make yourself invaluable for the next decade.

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In 2017, Python overtook Java as the second most popular language by pull requests. More on Pythons rise in a bit.

Coupled with the fact thatJavaScript is confusing to use, it will not be surprising to see developers jumping ship once better web options become available.

Thedownside of Ruby is its scalability. Ruby is adynamically-typed language, which makes it very flexible and great for prototypes, but difficult to maintain at scale. As a Ruby app grows, the dynamic nature of the language obscures the source of code errors and eats up computing resources. This is why Twitter switched from Ruby to Java.

Every year, the Tiobe Index crowns the fastest growing language as Language of the Year. Recent winners have been Go (2016), Java (2015), and JavaScript (2014).

There are a number of factors that make Java so popular:

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JavaScript allows developers to add interactive effects to web pages. It often works alongside HTML, but its becoming more common for web apps to be built entirely in JavaScript.Because of its simplicity and speed, more startups and tech businesses are starting to use JavaScript on the backend via the Node.js framework.

There are hundreds of metrics to look at when considering the top programming languages, but we focused on a few of the most authoritative:

But there are other factors stacking up against JavaScript. First, said Ehrlich, the improvement ofWebAssemblyis giving developers more language choices on the web.

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Ruby is one of the most popular languages among tech startups. Many Silicon Valley unicorns have been built on Ruby, including Airbnb, Twitch, GitHub, and Twitter. Its popularity is bolstered (and perhaps dependent) onRuby on Rails, a full-stack web application framework that runs Ruby.

Twitter was originally built using Ruby, but switched to Java so they could scale more easily. Photo by Aaron Durand

Scalability James Governorhas a saying: When web companies grow up, they become Java shops.Java is built for scalability in mind, which is why it is so popular among enterprises and scaling startups (Twitter moved from Ruby to Java for scaling purposes). Since Java is a statically-typed language, it is faster and easier to maintain with less bugs.It is also backwards compatible, which means old versions of the language will still run perfectly even after new versions are released. This is a big relief for businesses who would otherwise worry about rewriting their code every time a new version comes out.

Another hardware issue Ehrlich references ispower consumption. Batteries just arent getting better, said Ehrlich, despite the fact that more and more of our devices run on them. So now we need to make hardware and software that is as power-efficient as possible.

The popularity of a programming language is one thing, but which languages will have the greatest influence in the years to come?

Tiobe factors in variables like the number of professional developers worldwide, training courses, and third-party vendors. Most of this information comes from analyzing search engine results.Here is an explanationof how the Tiobe Index is produced.

Moores Law says that computing power will double every 18 months, and for the first time in decades,computer chip makers are not keeping pace. That means software developers need to figure out a way to make powerful web applications with the same amount of computing processing power.

I turned to Jake Ehrlich, a software engineer and programming language enthusiast, for his thoughts on the most influential programming languages.

Its surprising how simple Python is to learn. Its now themost popular introductory languagetaught in universities and often picked up by experienced developers as a second or third language.

Tiobe will crown a new Language of the Year in the next few weeks, but their website says the candidates are Kotlin and C. Its an interesting dichotomy with C being of the oldest languages (1987) and Kotlin being one of the newest (2011). Lets look at each language.

Thanks to the ubiquity of web browsers, JavaScript has become one of the most popular programming languages in the world, and number 1 on GitHub in terms of pull requests. There are notable complaints with JavaScript (more on that in a bit), but JavaScript has held its own against newer languages and will continue to play a significant role on the web.

The worlds biggest challenges and opportunities are driven by programming languages discussed in this article. While this article is all about the code, it is really an ode to the people who create that code day-in and day-out. From machine learning to cybersecurity, web apps to battery power, these technologies will only go as far as software developers take them.

This graph charts the most in-demand jobs according . We took the 50 most popular languages from the Tiobe Index and searched for (Language name) Developer. We put the name of the language in quotes to make our results more accurate.

At the heart of these technologies are programming languages.Never have developers been more importantto progress, and programming languages are their superpower.

Ben PutanoDecember 18, 2017Developer Career DevelopmentLeave a Comment

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Large community The popularity of Java helps to ensure its future popularity, thanks to a huge community of users. With massive Stack Overflow and GitHub communities, developers can find help on virtually any problem they might encounter. Coupled with its portability, developers know that investing in Java will pay dividends for a long, long time.

Any programmer will benefit from learning the C language. Many algorithms written and shared online are done in C. Its essentially the universal language of programming languages. C spinoffs like C++ andCare also among the top 5 most popular languages, again emphasizing the influence C still has today.

Most Popular and Influential Programming Languages of 2018

Want to learn more about the most popular languages? Here are a few resources to get you started:

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C also has features that make is perfectly qualified for operating systems and embedded systems (like your cars dashboard). Thanks to its relatively small runtime, C is perfect for keeping these systems lean.

One way to determine whether a language is influential is to look at the technologies built on top of it (see Python and C). Another way is to look at a languages ability to solve intrinsic software problems. For the sake of treading new ground, lets focus on the latter definition.

The Github Year in Reviewgives us the top 15 pull requests from their community. Pull requests are an indicator of the amount of code being written.

What makes the top programming languages so popular? Well take a deeper look at five of the top languages to learn how theyre used and why people love them.

Based on trends from previous years, were confident that the list of top programming languages wont changethat muchfrom year-to-year. But where are the winds headed? Lets try to take a glimpse at the future.

2017 was a big year for Kotlin, the statically-typed programming language fromJetBrains. On top of receivingloads of good press, Kotlin was also named anofficial development language for the Android platform. This is an enormous boost; not only is Android the most popular mobile development platform, its the 3rd most populardevelopmentplatform behind Windows desktop and Linux,according to StackOverflow.

It makes sense that the most popular languages have the most job openings. However, its interesting to see less popular languages, like Apex (Salesforce native language), in the top 20. This might indicate an upward trend in popularity for these languages.

Ruby is beloved by developers for a number of reasons. First,Ruby has an incredibly simple beautiful syntaxthat allows a developer to do more with less code. Second, thanks to Ruby on Rails, getting a web application up-and-running takes less time than in other frameworks. This explains why startups are so fond of the language: it enables the famous startup mantra, move fast and break things.

Oh, this one is easy, he said. JavaScript.

Ehrlich thinks we will see a move towards native languages like Go, Swift, Rust as hardware attempts to catch up.

Weve already discussed why C practically runs the world, but whats behind this latest boost in popularity? Like we mentioned earlier, C is the perfect language for embedded systems, and frankly, everything is becoming an embedded system these days. C is one of the top programming languages for IoT devices, including wearables and car dashboards. As more products become smart, well see Cs use continue to expand.

One solution to both of these challenges, Ehrlich suggests, is the use of native languages. It turns out that the same sort of features that improve speed and responsiveness also allow us to write more power-efficient code.

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Portability Thanks to the platform-agnostic Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Java can run on nearly every system. Java is also the most popular Android language, so the vast majority of Android apps are built in Java.

Individual problems tend to be more influential than any one specific language, said Ehrlich. Right now the biggest problem were facing isend of Moores law.

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Ben is a writer and technology enthusiast based out of Kansas City, Missouri. His company,WeContent, helps technology companies build passionate audiences through irresistible content.

There are several reasons for Kotlins rise in popularity, not least of which is its 100% interoperability with Java and the fact that is runs on Java Virtual Machine (Java is another official Android language). Kotlin also compiles down into JavaScript, making it extremely versatile for both front and backend development. Expect to hear a lot more about Kotlin in the years to come, and if possible, take some time to add it to your repertoire (it issurprisingly simple).

According to Tiobe, Java has been the number 1 or 2 most popular language basically since its creation in the mid-90s. Many of the worlds biggest companies use Java to build desktop apps and backend web systems. If you know Java, chances areyou wont be desperate for work!

For decades, Tiobe (the software quality company) has generated anindex of the most popular programming languages. They update this list monthly, pulling in data from hundreds of sources around the world. For more on how the Tiobe Index is calculated, seehere.

GitHub is one of the largest code repositories in use today. Every year they create aYear in Reviewreport, sharing statistics about their programmer community. We cite their metric Pull Requests Opened as another indicator of language popularity.

As the worlds largest job search engine,Indeedrepresents a good measurement of the most in-demand programming jobs. We looked at the number of job openings for the top 50 programming languages on the Tiobe Index.

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Soon many languages are going to have WebAssembly backends, said Erhlich. After that JavaScript will start to die because people will be using their preferred language for client-side web development.

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Despite the rise of JavaScript used on the backend, there are not many major pieces of software built on JavaScript. Unlike C, C++, Java, C, PHP, there wont be as much legacy to keep alive, said Ehrlich.

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WebAssembly gives developers more choices for the web, potentially hurting JavaScripts significance.

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The graph above shows the top 20 most popular programming languages as of December 2017. The Tiobe Index works like market share; the percentage is the amount of market share a language holds. All of the languages combined total 100%.

I also asked Ehrlich about languages that he thinks will start to lose significance in 2018.

In this article, we also attempt to predict the future of programming languages. We use a wide variety of resources to predict the fastest growing languages, the most influential languages, and the language that is most likely to lose popularity (this one will surprise you!). Of course, all of these insights are up for debate, but they are worth considering if you want to stay ahead of the curve.

According toOSS-Watch, A pull request is a method of submitting contributions to an open development project. Javascript has a massive footprint on GitHub, with more than twice the number of pull requests than the second-leading language.

The popularity of Python has risen steadily over the past 15 years, finally breaking the top 5 on the Tiobe Index a few years ago. This is because Python is a major language in some of most exciting technologies today. Machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), Big Data, and Robotics all rely heavily on Python (Robotics also relies on Cfor its use in systems programming). Cyber Security,one of the top software challenges of our time, is also driven by Python.

Why is it still a popular programming language to learn today? First, it is essentially aportable assembly language. It works with nearly every system and operates about as low to the machine as you can get.

Javascript has risen to biblical levels of popularity over the last few years, so its easy to say the languages trajectory has nowhere to go but down.

This a common saying in todays tech-driven world. Every industry is fundamentally changed by technology, and business leaders are making it the focal point of their companies.

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