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IBM cloud computing

IBM SmartCloud private cloud – Deliver.

. Ideas International. February 2011

The IBM public cloud offering, SmartCloud Enterprise, was launched on April 7, 2011. SCE is hosted IaaS withservice level agreements(SLA)s, and can be offered in a private, public or hybrid model. The environment is hosted on IBM servers (System p or System x), with a standard set of software images to choose from.[25]

IBM Debuts Enterprise Smart Cloud Offerings. Channel Insider. 2011-04-07

Common Public LicenseIBM Public License

IBM is a member ofThe Open Group, a council that works for the development of open, vendor-neutral IT standards and certifications. Other members of the group includeHPOracleSAPand numerous others.[27]IBM contributed theCloud Computing Reference Architecturein February 2011 to The Open Group as the basis of an industry-wide cloud architecture. IBMs CCRA is based on real-world input from many cloud implementations across IBM. It is intended to be used as a blueprint/guide for architecting cloud implementations, driven by functional and non-functional requirements of the respective cloud implementation. HP andMicrosofthave also published Cloud Computing Reference Architectures.[28]

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Larry Dignan (4 January 2012).IBM acquires Green Hat, a cloud software testing outfit. ZDNet

Derrick Harris (6 April 2011).Watch Out, World: IBM Finally Offers a Real Cloud. Giga Om

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Srinivasan Sundara Rajan (March 2011).Cloud Computing Reference Architecture Review of the Big Three. The Cloud Computing Journal

IBM SmartCloud private cloud – SaaS.

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Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface

For PaaS and SaaS standards, IBM,Red HatCiscoCitrixEMCand others contribute to the Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications (TOSCA) technical committee withinOrganization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards(OASIS),[31]which aims to provide a standardized way of managing the lifecycle of cloud services, for portability of cloud based applications. TOSCAs goal is to advance an interoperability standard that will make it easier to deploy cloud applications withoutvendor lock-in, while maintaining application requirements for security, governance, and compliance.[32]

IBM offers cloud delivery options including solely private cloud, solely public cloud, and variations in between. Private, public and hybrid clouds are not strictly distinct, as IBM allows the option to build a customized cloud solution out of a combination of public cloud and private cloud elements. Companies that prefer to keep all data and processes behind their own firewall can use private cloud services managed by their own IT staff. A company may also choose pay-as-you-go pricing. Hybrid cloud options allow for some processes to be hosted and managed by IBM, while others are kept on a private cloud or on aVPNorVLAN. IBM also offers planning and consultation throughout the deployment process. IBM offers five cloud provision models:

By March 4, 2014 IBM acquiredCloudant.

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IBM cloud computingis a set ofcloud computingservices for business offered by the information technology companyIBM. IBM cloud includesinfrastructure as a service(IaaS),software as a service(SaaS) andplatform as a service(PaaS) offered through public, private and hybridcloud delivery models, in addition to the components that make up those clouds.

OASIS Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications (TOSCA) TC – OASIS.

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IBM offers three hardware platforms for cloud computing.[1]These platforms offer built-in support forvirtualization. ForvirtualizationIBM offers IBMWebsphereapplication infrastructure solutions that support programming models and open standards for virtualization.

IBM to Acquire SoftLayer to Accelerate Adoption of Cloud Computing in the Enterprise: IBM to Form New Cloud Services Division.

IBM (IBM) to Acquire Public Cloud Provider SoftLayer.

Jennifer LeClaire (17 January 2012).Cisco, IBM, Red Hat Join Open Cloud Portability Committee. NewsFactor

IBM participates in a number of cloud security related standards including the DMTF Cloud Auditing Data Federation (CADF) working group,[33]and the OASIS Identity in the Cloud (IDCloud) technical committee. CADF is designed to address the need for a cloud provider to provide specific audit event, log and report information on a per-tenant and application basis. IDCloud aims to addresses the serious security challenges posed by identity management in cloud computing and investigates the need for profiles to achieve interoperability within current standards.

In February 1990, IBM released theRS/6000(which later became known asPOWER processor) based servers. The servers, in combination with the IBM mainframe, were built for complex and mission-critical virtualization.Power systemsservers includePowerVMhypervisors with live partition mobility and active memory sharing.Live migrationwas introduced withPOWER6in May 2007. Next, IBM looked to implement standardization and automation in their technology in order to keep up with the proliferation of data produced by increasingly efficient hardware and data centers. This combination of virtualization, standardization and automation led to the development of IBM cloud computing.[8]

Private cloud, owned and operated by the customer

WebSphere Cast Iron Cloud Integration. 2011-08-25

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Charles Babcock (2011-08-29).IBM Connects Tivoli To Hybrid Cloud. InformationWeek

The management layer of the IBM cloud framework includes IBMTivolimiddleware.[2]Management tools provide capabilities to regulate images with automatedprovisioningand de-provisioning, monitor operations and meter usage while tracking costs and allocating billing. The last layer of the framework provides integrated workload tools.[3]Workloads for cloud computing are services or instances of code that can be executed to meet specific business needs.[4]IBM offers tools for cloud based collaboration, development and test, application development, analytics, business-to-business integration, and security.[5]

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Industry Leaders Worldwide Embrace IBM Clouds to Transform Business Processes. PRNewswire. 7 April 2011

. IBM Press.ISBN978-0-13-306684-5.

On 4 June 2013 IBM announced its acquisition ofSoftLayer, to form an IBM Cloud Services Division.[12][13]

Jacqui Cheng.Google and IBM team on cloud computing initiative for universities. ArsTechnica

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David Roe (5 January 2012).Romettys First IBM Acquisition: Cloud Testing Provider Green Hat. CMS Wire

IBM founded the Cloud Standards Customer Council (CSCC) in April 2011,[34]with theObject Management Group(OMG)Kaavo, Rackspace andSoftware AG, as an end user advocacy group that aimed to accelerate adoption of cloud services and eliminate barriers to security and interoperability associated with the transition to the cloud. In addition to contributing standards requirements to various standards development organizations (SDO), the CSCC also creates guides that companies can use on their own path to cloud adoption.[35]

On August 25, 2011, IBM announced the release of a new hybrid cloud model orchestrated byIBM WebSphereCast Iron integration of on- and off-premises resources.[22]Enterprises can use Cast Iron integration to link their public cloud appliances hosted on environments likeAmazon EC2Google Oracle CRMSugarCRMand a number of othersto their existing systems or in-house, private cloud environments.[23]Cast Iron Integration aims to reduce the time and effort needed for customized coding, in favor of simple workload provisioning throughTivoli Management Framework.[24]

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Private cloud, owned and operated by IBM (or another provider)

The IBM SmartCloud brand includes infrastructure as a service, software as a service and platform as a service offered through public, private and hybrid cloud delivery models. IBM places these offerings under three umbrellas: SmartCloud Foundation, SmartCloud Services and SmartCloud Solutions.[14]

The majority of cloud users choose a hybrid cloud model, with some workloads being served by internal systems, some from commercial cloud providers and some from public cloud service providers.[21]

IBM also builds cloud environments for clients that are not necessarily on the SmartCloud Platform. For example, features of the SmartCloud platformsuch as Tivoli management software or IBM Systems Director virtualizationcan be integrated separately as part of a non-IBM cloud platform. The SmartCloud platform consists solely of IBM hardware, software, services and practices.

In 2011, IBM SmartCloud integratedHadoop-based InfoSphere BigInsights for big data,[17]Green Hat for software testing[18]andNirvanix[19]for cloud storage. In 2012, the then new CEOVirginia Romettysaid the company planned to spend $20 billion on acquisitions by 2015.[20]

IBM cloud computing emerged from the union of itsmainframe computingand virtualization technologies. Known as the original virtualization company,[6]IBMs first experiments in virtualization occurred in the 1960s with the development of thevirtual machine(VM) onCP-40andCP-67operating systems. CP-67, ahypervisorused for software testing and development, enabled memory sharing across VMs while giving each user their own virtual memory space. With the machine partitioned into separate VMs, mainframes could run multiple applications and processes at the same time, making the hardware more efficient and cost-effective.[7]IBM began selling VM technology for the mainframe in 1972.[6]

IBM participates in several cloud standards initiatives within various standards development organizations involved in cloud service models IaaS, PaaS and SaaS, all of which work toward improvements in cloud interoperability and security.

IBM SmartCloud private cloud – Build.

IBM SmartCloud private cloud – Manage.

Amies, Alex; Sluiman, Harm; Tong, Qiang Guo; Liu, Guo Ning (July 2012). Infrastructure as a Service Cloud Concepts.

Standards Customer Council – CSCC.

For customers who perceive that the security risk of cloud computing adoption is too high, IBM offers private cloud services. IDEAS International wrote in a white paper, IBM believes that its clients are currently more comfortable with private clouds than public or hybrid clouds, and that many are ready to deploy fundamental business applications in private clouds.[26]For building strictly private clouds, IBM offers IBM Workload Deployer and Cloudburst as ready-to-deploy, cloud in a box style solutions. Cloudburst provides blade servers, middleware and virtualization for an enterprise to build its own cloud-ready virtual machines. Workload Deployer connects an enterprises existing servers to virtualization components and middleware in order to help deploy standardized virtual machines designed by IBM.[26]For customers who prefer to perform their own integration of private clouds, IBM offers a choice of hardware and software building blocks, along with recommendations and a reference architecture, prior to deployment. Clients may choose from IBM virtualization-enabled servers, middleware and SaaS applications.

Derrick Harris (12 October 2011).IBM Announces New SmartCloud Services, Partnership With Nirvanix. Tech Crunch

Within the IaaS space, IBM is a member of the Cloud Management Work Group (CMWG)[29]within theDistributed Management Task Force(DMTF), which released a draft version of their IaaSAPIs, called theCloud Infrastructure Management Interface(CIMI), on September 14, 2011.[30]The CIMI APIs define a logical model for the management of resources within the Infrastructure as a Service domain. With these APIs, clients can create, manage and connect machines, volumes and networks.

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Developing and Hosting Applications on the Cloud

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Users may build their own private cloud or purchase services hosted on the IBM cloud. Users may also purchase IBM hardware, software and services to build their customized cloud environment.

Jon Brodkin (11 March 2009).IBM ups the ante with Power virtualization. Network World

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IBM claimed in April 2011 that 80% ofFortune 500companies were using IBM cloud, and that their software and services were used by more than 20 million end-user customers, with clients includingAmerican AirlinesAvivaCarfaxFrito-LayIndiaFirst Life Insurance Company, and7-Eleven.[11]

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Clive Longbottom (2011-07-29).IBM gets smart with cloud. CloudPro

Private cloud, owned by the customer, but operated by IBM (or another provider)

IBM began to develop a strategy for cloud computing in 2007, announcing that it planned to build clouds for enterprise clients and provide services to fill what it regarded as gaps in existing cloud environments.[9]In October 2007, IBM announced a partnership withGoogleto promote cloud computing in universities. In addition to donating hardware and machines, the two companies also provided a curriculum to teach students about cloud computing.[10]

Tivoli SoftwareService Automation Manager

This page was last edited on 12 June 2018, at 05:05.

IBM SmartCloud Enterprise and SmartCloud Enterprise+ compete with products like those ofRackspaceandAmazon Web Services. Erich Clementi, vice president of Global Technology Services at IBM, said in 2012 that the goal with SmartCloud Enterprise and SmartCloud Enterprise+ was to provide anAmazon EC2-like experience primarily for test and development purposes and to provide a more robust experience for production workloads.[15][16]

Derrick Harris (24 October 2011).IBM doing Hadoop as a service in its cloud. Giga Om

By 2016, the aforementioned product called IBM Cloud Manager with OpenStack was discontinued, although the services organization may be using other versions of OpenStack for large scale cloud deployments.

Public cloud services (based on the provision of functions to individuals)

Private Clouds Float with IBM Systems and Software

IBM Unveils New Hybrid Cloud Solution for the Enterprise. 2011-08-25

Virtual private cloud services (based on multi-tenanted support for individual enterprises)

Chris Preimesberger (2009-11-19).IBM Cloud Guru Erich Clementi Looks Back at IT History to Gauge Its Future. eWeek

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SmartCloud Foundation consists of the infrastructure, hardware, provisioning, management, integration and security that serve as the underpinnings of a private or hybrid cloud. Built using those foundational components, PaaS, IaaS and backup services make up SmartCloud Services. Running on this cloud platform and infrastructure, SmartCloud Solutions consist of a number of collaboration, analytics and marketing SaaS applications.

By 2014, the name SmartCloud was replaced with products that have a prefix of IBM Cloud. A product called IBM Cloud Manager with OpenStack was IBMs integration of OpenStack along with a multitude of value additions that would serve enterprise customers. A product called IBM Cloud Orchestrator would serve the orchestration needs of an enterprise. The aforementioned SmartCloud products have been discontinued.

Judith Hurwitz; Robin Bloor; Marcia Kaufman; Fern Halper.How to Handle Workloads in Cloud Computing. m

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