Types of Computer Languages with Their Advantages and Disadvantages

Coding Languages

High-level computer languages use formats that are similar to English. The purpose of developing high-level languages was to enable people to write programs easily, in their own native language environment (English).

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Since it is machine dependent, the programmer also needs to understand the hardware.

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These languages are not mutually exclusive, and some languages can belong to multiple categories. The terms low-level and high-level are also open to interpretation, and some languages that were once considered high-level are now considered low-level as languages have continued to develop.

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These are used for string manipulation, including search patterns and inserting and deleting characters. Examples are:

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A high-level language has to be translated into the machine language by a translator, which takes up time

High-level languages are user-friendly

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In fact, a manufacturer designs a computer to obey just one language, its machine code, which is represented inside the computer by a string of binary digits (bits) 0 and 1. The symbol 0 stands for the absence of an electric pulse and the 1 stands for the presence of an electric pulse. Since a computer is capable of recognizing electric signals, it understands machine language.

All memory addresses have to be remembered.

These languages are best able to maintain data processing procedures and problems involved in handling files. Some examples include:

It is hard to amend or find errors in a program written in the machine language.

They are problem-oriented rather than machine-based

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It requires no translator to translate the code. It is directly understood by the computer.

There are also other types of languages, which include

High-level languages are basically symbolic languages that use English words and/or mathematical symbols rather than mnemonic codes. Each instruction in the high-level language is translated into many machine language instructions that the computer can understand.

Many languages have been developed for achieving a variety of different tasks. Some are fairly specialized, and others are quite general.

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Just as humans use language to communicate, and different regions have different languages, computers also have their own languages that are specific to them.

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a slightly more user-friendly language that directly corresponds to machine language

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In OOP, the computer program is divided into objects. Examples are:

A program written in a high-level language can be translated into many machine languages and can run on any computer for which there exists an appropriate translator

Assembly language is easier to understand and use as compared to machine language.

These languages are oriented towards the computational procedures for solving mathematical and statistical problems.

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A language that corresponds directly to a specific machine

These are designed for low-level tasks, like memory and process management

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Like machine language, it is also machine dependent/specific.

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These tend to be high-level and very powerful

All operation codes have to be remembered

Assembly language was developed to overcome some of the many inconveniences of machine language. This is another low-level but very important language in which operation codes and operands are given in the form of alphanumeric symbols instead of 0s and ls.

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The object code generated by a translator might be inefficient compared to an equivalent assembly language program

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This language is also very difficult and needs a lot of practice to master it because there is only a little English support in this language. Mostly assembly language is used to help in compiler orientations. The instructions of the assembly language are converted to machine codes by a language translator and then they are executed by the computer.

Machine language is the lowest and most elementary level of programming language and was the first type of programming language to be developed. Machine language is basically the only language that a computer can understand and it is usually written in hex.

This resource was used to help write this article. It has more information on this topic and goes into more depth on some of the other kinds of languages and their uses. To get the most out of it, you should have some knowledge of or background in computer science.

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a language that is directly interpreted into the hardware

They are similar to English and use English vocabulary and well-known symbols

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Machine language makes fast and efficient use of the computer.

Different kinds of languages have been developed to perform different types of work on the computer. Basically, languages can be divided into two categories according to how the computer understands them.

Low-level computer languages are either machine codes or are very close them. A computer cannot understand instructions given to it in high-level languages or in English. It can only understand and execute instructions given in the form of machine language i.e. binary. There are two types of low-level languages:

These are only used in very specific contexts

Two Basic Types of Computer Language

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These languages, categorized according to their use, are:

It is easy to locate and correct errors.

Any language that is independent of the machine

These programming languages are designed for building Windows-based applications.Examples are:

The language is independent of the machine on which it is used i.e. programs developed in a high-level language can be run on any computer text

These alphanumeric symbols are known as mnemonic codes and can combine in a maximum of five-letter combinations e.g. ADD for addition, SUB for subtraction, START, LABEL etc. Because of this feature, assembly language is also known as Symbolic Programming Language.

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Languages that are jokes or are not intended for serious use

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