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What are the most popular programming languages and their uses? – Quora

Tiobe will crown a new Language of the Year in the next few weeks, but their website says the candidates are Kotlin and C. Its an interesting dichotomy with C being of the oldest languages (1987) and Kotlin being one of the newest (2011). Lets look at each language.

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The Top Programming Languages, Explained

SQL. This is used to find stuff in databases, otherwise known as querying databases. Other languages of the type are called query languages.

Then there are languages like Haskell that have a small butveryloyal following. These niche languages are very powerful but are only used in small areas. Haskell, for instance, is used a lot in academia because of its speed, sturdiness, and analytical abilities. Its made a big move into economic/statistical analysis at trading firms and big banks because of this but probably wont become a huge web application language any time soon simply because of all of the established frameworks that are currently available.

What are the most useful programming languages?

TeX/LaTeX. This is how math textbooks make all of their formulas look pretty.

James Governor has a saying: When web companies grow up, they become Java shops.Java is built for scalability in mind, which is why it is so popular among enterprises and scaling startups (Twitter moved from Ruby to Java for scaling purposes). Since Java is a statically-typed language, it is faster and easier to maintain with less bugs

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The popularity of Java helps to ensure its future popularity, thanks to a huge community of users. With massive Stack Overflow and GitHub communities, developers can find help on virtually any problem they might encounter. Coupled with its portability, developers know that investing in Java will pay dividends for a long, long time.

: Everyone know about PHP. Very famous in webapp development.

I turned to Jake Ehrlich, a software engineer and programming language enthusiast, for his thoughts on the most influential programming languages.

Demand formobile developmentis growing annually. This fact brings some changes to the usage of already popular programming languages.

Perl: before we had Python, we had Perl. Its still popular, and is great for munging large numbers of text files, producing reports or automating some kinds of system administration. Also good for websites. Probably a bit faster than Python, but harder to read.

What programing language is the most popular to learn?

Why is it still a popular programming language to learn today? First, it is essentially a portable assembly language. It works with nearly every system and operates about as low to the machine as you can get.

A full list would be incredibly long, but Ill put in some stuff off the top of my head for you.

Ruby is beloved by developers for a number of reasons. First, Ruby has an incredibly simple beautiful syntax that allows a developer to do more with less code. Second, thanks to Ruby on Rails, getting a web application up-and-running takes less time than in other frameworks. This explains why startups are so fond of the language: it enables the famous startup mantra, move fast and break things.

One way to determine whether a language is influential is to look at the technologies built on top of it (see Python and C). Another way is to look at a languages ability to solve intrinsic software problems. For the sake of treading new ground, lets focus on the latter definition.

Learn the Most Popular Programming Languages

Here are some of the most popular, leaving out the obscure ones (and some not-so-obscure), plus some that arent really programming languages as such.

HTML/CSS: this isnt really a programming language, but is used to create web pages. Languages like Python that can be used to create the back end of websites — the bit that interacts with a database — ultimately work by sending HTML to a browser. HTML provides the structure of a web page, and CSS styles and re-arranges the basic structure.

CSS. This is what makes web pages have pretty colors.

One solution to both of these challenges, Ehrlich suggests, is the use of native languages. It turns out that the same sort of features that improve speed and responsiveness also allow us to write more power-efficient code.

Oh, this one is easy, he said. JavaScript.

What makes the top programming languages so popular? Well take a deeper look at five of the top languages to learn how theyre used and why people love them.

It is also backwards compatible, which means old versions of the language will still run perfectly even after new versions are released. This is a big relief for businesses who would otherwise worry about rewriting their code every time a new version comes out.

Like working with text files but prettier.

There are a number of factors that make Java so popular:

These languages are the powerhouses of high level programming. They are all functional or object oriented languages used for doing just about anything you would want to do including building desktop applications, academic applications, mobile applications, and web applications. When people talk about backend languages, these are the languages they are referring to.

: Introduced with Visual Studio Development Kit of Mircrosoft. Now its very popular in application development. Recently, C is well known as with Xamarin a framework-engine that help in iOS development witn C. Xamarin helps developer write iOS app and then with engine it compiler to native code of iOS.

Ruby is one of the most popular languages among tech startups. Many Silicon Valley unicorns have been built on Ruby, including Airbnb, Twitch, GitHub, and Twitter. Its popularity is bolstered (and perhaps dependent) onRuby on Rails, a full-stack web application framework that runs Ruby.

Famous projects using JavaScript:Yahoo, eBay, LinkedIn, WordPress

Its surprising how simple Python is to learn. Its now the most popular introductory language taught in universities and often picked up by experienced developers as a second or third language.

Research of Most Popular Programming Languages for 2017

Now that weve looked at the most popular programming languagesright now, were going to take the liberty of predicting whats to come in 2018 and beyond.

C also has features that make is perfectly qualified for operating systems and embedded systems (like your cars dashboard). Thanks to its relatively small runtime, C is perfect for keeping these systems lean.

R: surprisingly, this is actually a very popular programming language. But its used exclusively for statistical analysis and things that are closely related to it.

These are systems programming languages. These are the languages you use when performance matters most. They are blazingly fast and very difficult to master due to their lack of features like garbage collection. However, if you get good with one of these bad boys, you can build things like operating systems, programming languages, high frequency trading software, and video game engines.

It is an object oriented programming language, is one of the most popular technologies used for developing various desktop/web applications. Java J2EE Platform is Java Enterprise Edition/Java EE and is designed for standalone Core Java applications for Windows and other Supported PCs. Java Platform is developed by Sun Micro Systems. Java (J2EE) Platform has full support for all Windows based Software Development tools. For more details visit our website:

What is the most popular programming language?

2017 was a big year for Kotlin, the statically-typed programming language fromJetBrains. On top of receiving loads of good press, Kotlin was also named an official developmentlanguage for the Android platform. This is an enormous boost; not only is Android the most popular mobile development platform, its the 3rd most populardevelopmentplatform behind Windows desktop and Linux, according to StackOverflow.

JavaScript allows developers to add interactive effects to web pages. It often works alongside HTML, but its becoming more common for web apps to be built entirely in JavaScript. Because of its simplicity and speed, more startups and tech businesses are starting to use JavaScript on the backend via the Node.js framework.

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MATLAB has evolved over a period of years with input from many customers. In university environments, it is tool for introduction in arithmetic, engineering, and technology. In industry, MATLAB is the tool of desire for high-productivity studies, developme

C is one of the oldest, most popular programming languages, thanks to its near universal portability and early adoption by Techs biggest brands, including Microsoft, Apple, Linux, and Oracle. C is also the most popular language for embedded systems in cars, electronics, and other devices. Nearly everything that we touch today, from our cell phones to alarm clocks, is influenced by if not directly written in the C language.

: C is the most popular programming language of modern language now. Its a general-purpose, imperative language. Lots of programming languages were built on it. It two kinds of passing value and parameter: Pass by Reference and Pass by Value. C also known as one of most powerful and fast programming with passing value with pointer on memory.

Java: general purpose; used especially for Android (phones and tablets), websites created by corporations, and sometimes embedded systems (like the chip that runs your washing machine) or desktop software. According to many polls, its the most popular programming language.

The some most popular programming languages are given below:

Java.It is the most used programming language when it comes to native Android apps development. Probably the biggest advantage of this language is its compatibility with all operation systems. So that application written for Mac may work on Windows as well. One of the biggest events for this language in 2017 is the release of its 9th version. Java also allows developing of scalable web apps.

Individual problems tend to be more influential than any one specific language, said Ehrlich. Right now the biggest problem were facing is end of Moores law.

The world of Web development is also not standing still. In the recent years, functional languages likeScala,Clojure, andHaskellhave gained a certain popularity. However, other languages do not lag behind.

Javascript has risen to biblical levels of popularity over the last few years, so its easy to say the languages trajectory has nowhere to go but down.

Then there are the compiled front end languages. They are all special in their own way, inheriting power and abilities from their parent languages as well as the JavaScript libraries available.

Any programmer will benefit from learning the C language. Many algorithms written and shared online are done in C. Its essentially the universal language of programming languages. C spinoffs like C++ and C are also among the top 5 most popular languages, again emphasizing the influence C still has today.

Most influential programming languages

The worlds biggest challenges and opportunities are driven by programming languages discussed in this article. While this article is all about the code, it is really an ode to the people who create that code day-in and day-out. From machine learning to cybersecurity, web apps to battery power, these technologies will only go as far as software developers take them.

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If youre a Java developer, check out theStackify Retrace and Prefixtools so you know exactly whats going on with your code.

JavaScript. The king of front end languages. JavaScript can make web pages do flips, twirls, math, and chemistry.

: C of Apple was developed from NeXT (NeXT bought it from an American Computer Scientist). Very familiar with iOS & Mac OS X development. Apple now releases a new programming language for iOS and Mac OS X development with Swift. Swift is very different with ObjC with a dozen feature support: tuples, suscript, new enumerate type, variable and constant declaration, optionals state of variable and so on.

Python: general purpose. Slow compared to the first three, but very good for creating websites and dealing with data. You can often put together a Python program more quickly than you can with C, C++ or Java, but its not used so much for commercial software thats distributed to end users.

, Technical architect with mobile enterprise project

Python is a high level programming language. It offers many choices for web development like for Frameworks such as Django and Pyramid, Micro-frameworks such as Flask and Bottle and for Advanced content management system such as Plone and Django CMS. Moreover, It is a simple and easy to learn because of its clear syntax and readability thats why it reduces the cost of program maintenance. For more details visit our website:

JavaScript runs natively in your browser and claims the title of King because of that reason. There are loads of libraries available for use with JavaScript that can extend the language to make your UI incredible!

Ruby: a bit similar to Python and Perl, sort of. Often used to create websites, but not quite as popular as PHP and Java for that purpose. This is the only language on this list that Ive barely used myself, but it has some serious fans out there, so it must be good.

C: C++ was built on C, so there is a lot of overlap between the two. Its extremely fast and is the language of choice for writing operating systems, device drivers and other programming languages, and for programming embedded systems. C++ can be used for these things too, but C lets you squeeze out just a little bit more performance.

It is general purpose programming language; it originally stands for Personal Home Page but now it stands for recursive acronym PHP: Hypertext Processor. PHP is generally used to add functionality to websites that HTML alone cant achieve. For more details visit our website:

Soon many languages are going to have WebAssembly backends, said Erhlich. After that JavaScript will start to die because people will be using their preferred language for client-side web development.

PHP: This is used exclusively to add functionality to HTML. Often its actually mixed with HTML, and allows you to retrieve data and generate HTML in useful ways before its sent to a users browser to be displayed. When it comes to connecting a website to a database, PHP is probably the most popular technology in use, especially for home users. Facebook uses it, for instance.

HTML, XML, XHTML. These are all markup languages used to define spaces and areas of a webpage. They create buttons and connections.

Ehrlich thinks we will see a move towards native languages like Go, Swift, Rust as hardware attempts to catch up.

What is the most popular programming language in 2016?

Twitter was originally built using Ruby, but switched to Java so they could scale more easily. Photo by Aaron Durand

Languages like Ruby and Python, that have very easy to work with web frameworks are found a lot in start up companies due to their ability to put a sturdy and sophisticate application on the market in very little time. Clojure is emerging in this market as well because of its ability to modularly create a web framework based on the needs of the company.

Whatever you want to do, there is a language for you, its just a matter or trying each out to see which one you like!

Before we get to statistics, lets consider some popular languages for digital products development.

JavaScriptand HTML5 combination allow creating hybrid mobile apps. Due to the raised popularity of React Native, it is also used for cross-platform development. Moreover, this programming language popularity has touched game development as well.

JS is also used for front-end development of majority websites. However, it may also be used for the creation of back-end. Its newest version ES2017 will be launched at the end of 2017.

C.It is multifunctional language allowing to create almost all, ranging from server apps to the mobile development. It is also widely used within game niche due to the support of Unity 3D. Later this year will be released C 7.0.

Moreover there are several programming language which was born in early of modernized programming language as:

: Now it was applied in lots of stuffs from webapp, hybrid mobile app with Cordova, PhoneGap, Titanium project. Actually, Apache Cordova and PhoneGap is same. Adobe release their project to Apache and rename it to Cordova but a same engine, plugins development. Very different with Titanium, Cordova built an engine that embed UIWebView and control mostly by plugins which are written by ObjC. Titanium develop Mobile app with fully by Javascript.

A good question, as experience in Software industry and Mobile development, let me clarify a several languages popular nowadays:

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: Java is the most popular languages included: J2EE, J2SE and J2ME. J2ME and J2SE was killed lots of years ago. Only J2EE was applied lots of in enterprise project, mostly is webapp, 70% enterprise project are developed with J2EE with Spring framework. But when Android was born, Java was applied lots in mobile development. As you know Android app can be built by both Java and C. But Java take 87% now, even Google release Android studio (build on IntelliJ IDE) with Java support.

Thanks to the ubiquity of web browsers, JavaScript has become one of the most popular programming languages in the world, and number 1 on GitHub in terms of pull requests. There are notable complaints with JavaScript (more on that in a bit), but JavaScript has held its own against newer languages and will continue to play a significant role on the web.

: A successor of C, so that it inherits all advantages of C but has lots of feature to help programming become easier. It is a cross-platform programming language and use a same compiler from C. C++ was design to implement as OOP (Object Oriented Programming) that help reflect real thing to computer computing. Its also one of the first language that support inheritant, polymorphism with static and dynamic types. CPP is well now as one of first OOP language design, it support mostly what OOP concept but it is not friendly as later programming laguage .Nowadays, too many libriaries, frameworks (for gaming: Cocos2d, Cocos2d-x, Cocos3d, etc; enterprise development: libxml2, libxslt, etc.) were developed by C++ any use in both mobile computing, application development and so on.

C++: general purpose: rarely used for websites unless they are very high-volume and highly optimised; the language of choice for 3D games; very good at allowing you to efficiently manage memory and good for anything requiring smooth realtime execution. Also used a lot for desktop programs in general, for creating operating systems and anything where you have to interact with hardware at a low level.

Preface: All of these languages (except for the esoteric and Not-so languages) are incredibly capable and can solve any problem you throw at them. C, C++, Haskell, Clojure, Java, C, F, JavaScript, CoffeScript, whatever it is, I refuse to admit to any of them being incapable languages.However, there are languages that are poor fits for programmers. I can knock out a lot of problems in Clojure, hand me C++ and Ill sit there for a while and contemplate what I did wrong to wind up in that situation before I close my laptop. C++ just isnt my thing. That doesnt make me a bag programmer, just a bad C++ programmer. That doesnt make C++ a bad language, just a bad language for me. Perspective is very important.

These are languages typically used to perform general computing tasks including but not limited to navigating through your files, making/deleting folders and files, running programs, and moving things around. The power in these languages comes from writing scripts with them. Scripts are essentially step by step instructions for your computer generally used by developers to automate tedious or easy to screw up tasks like deploying software.

Weve already discussed why C practically runs the world, but whats behind this latest boost in popularity? Like we mentioned earlier, C is the perfect language for embedded systems, and frankly, everything is becoming an embedded system these days. C is one of the top programming languages for IoT devices, including wearables and car dashboards. As more products become smart, well see Cs use continue to expand.

Making simple programming languages isnt nearly as difficult as you might think. These languages were made as a challenge to other developers to test their skills, or simply to have fun! Wikipedia has a nice page on them here,Esoteric programming language.

2018 Programming Language Predictions

The popularity of Python has risen steadily over the past 15 years, finally breaking the top 5 on the Tiobe Index a few years ago. This is because Python is a major language in some of most exciting technologies today. Machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), Big Data, and Robotics all rely heavily on Python (Robotics also relies on C for its use in systems programming). Cyber Security, one of the top software challenges of our time, is also driven by Python.

There are several reasons for Kotlins rise in popularity, not least of which is its 100% interoperability with Java and the fact that is runs on Java Virtual Machine (Java is another official Android language). Kotlin also compiles down into JavaScript, making it extremely versatile for both front and backend development. Expect to hear a lot more about Kotlin in the years to come, and if possible, take some time to add it to your repertoire (it is surprisingly simple).

, Software Development Consultant at Cleveroad Inc. (2016-present)

Thanks to the platform-agnostic Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Java can run on nearly every system. Java is also the most popular Android language, so the vast majority of Android apps are built in Java.

: an open-source general-purpose interpreted programming language. Support both Java and C with Jython and IronPython. It also used in desktop application development.

SQL: This is a language that is specifically used to work with databases, creating database tables, retrieving or adding data, performing queries and so on.

Enterprise applications are almost always written in Java or C. When Java first emerged, it became the go-to language of enterprise applications and because of that legacy, it isnt going anywhere soon. C also has a major share of the EE market because of its OO paradigm,, and Visual Studio. C/ASP.NETis another way to get a very complex yet stable applications up and running in a short amount of time. Languages like there arent going anywhere soon, more than anything, because its very difficult to convince businesses to change their minds.

The reason why these are not-so-programming languages is because they actually arent on their own. They cant really (realistically) solve problems without the help of another, more powerful language.

The downside of Ruby is its scalability. Ruby is a dynamically-typed language, which makes it very flexible and great for prototypes, but difficult to maintain at scale. As a Ruby app grows, the dynamic nature of the language obscures the source of code errors and eats up computing resources. This is why Twitter switched from Ruby to Java.

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ClojureScript. Its a LISP front end language. Not nearly as popular as JavaScript but nonetheless, very powerful if you know what youre doing.

Assembly: in a sense this is the most powerful and most general purpose language of all, but youd have to be nuts to use it for anything other than certain very specific purposes, like helping to write operating systems or device drivers. It translates the binary machine code used by a computer into something a human can read and type easily, but it had better be a very skilled human who understands how CPUs work in detail. Writing things in assembly is very time-consuming, but fun if youre that way inclined.

Which programming language is the most popular and useful?

C: This is a language devised by Microsoft; its like an improved version of Java and is now available on lots of non-Microsoft systems, but it cant quite fully get rid of the Microsoft association. Very good for creating Windows desktop programs, since Microsoft C includes a really nice visual designer. Also used to create websites with ASP, I believe. I hope it continues to spread its wings, because its a great language.

Javascript: originally this was intended just to add in-browser functionality to web pages. For example it can enable a web page to tell you immediately if youve typed something invalid in a form. Things like gmail are very heavy on Javascript; you can use it to basically write a whole application that runs in a web browser. Now the usage of Javascript is spreading, and people are starting to devise ways of using it as a more general purpose programming language.

: a rare framework but really valuable in webapp development. Salary rate for Ruby on Rails senior dev is really high. Ruby looks elegant but not easy for use.

Coupled with the fact that JavaScript is confusing to use, it will not be surprising to see developers jumping ship once better web options become available.

Another hardware issue Ehrlich references is power consumption. Batteries just arent getting better, said Ehrlich, despite the fact that more and more of our devices run on them. So now we need to make hardware and software that is as power-efficient as possible.

Despite the rise of JavaScript used on the backend, there are not many major pieces of software built on JavaScript. Unlike C, C++, Java, C, PHP, there wont be as much legacy to keep alive, said Ehrlich.

Theres detailed research of most popular programming languages for 2017 published by Cleveroad company:

Moores Law says that computing power will double every 18 months, and for the first time in decades, computer chip makers are not keeping pace. That means software developers need to figure out a way to make powerful web applications with the same amount of computing processing power.

I also asked Ehrlich about languages that he thinks will start to lose significance in 2018.

Want to learn more about the most popular languages? Here are a few resources to get you started:

.It is one of the oldest languages that served as a basis for the creation of such trending programming languages as Java and C. Despite its age, C language is still popular due to its simple syntax. This language was used for development of such resources as Google and YouTube.

WebAssembly gives developers more choices for the web, potentially hurting JavaScripts significance.

According to Tiobe, Java has been the number 1 or 2 most popular language basically since its creation in the mid-90s. Many of the worlds biggest companies use Java to build desktop apps and backend web systems. If you know Java, chances are you wont be desperate for work!

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What are well known programming languages and what are their usages?

Related QuestionsMore Answers Below

Based on trends from previous years, were confident that the list of top programming languages wont changethat muchfrom year-to-year. But where are the winds headed? Lets try to take a glimpse at the future.

The popularity of a programming language is one thing, but which languages will have the greatest influence in the years to come?

These languages are very useful but only to a certain niche in the development world. Languages that fall into this category excel at reading, manipulating, visualizing, and otherwise working with data and numbers. You will see these languages on the resumes of data scientists, engineers, and mathematicians (as a mathematics major I learned several).

C++.It is a perfect choice for applications demanding lots of resources to work correctly. This language is applied for multiple purposes including OS building as well as development for mobile platforms, server sides, and game creation.

But there are other factors stacking up against JavaScript. First, said Ehrlich, the improvement of WebAssembly is giving developers more language choices on the web.

Every year, the Tiobe Index crowns the fastest growing language as Language of the Year. Recent winners have been Go (2016), Java (2015), and JavaScript (2014).

C and C++ are two very commonly taught languages in computer science programs because of the exposure you get to the interaction with the hardware. In my course to become a programmer as a mathematics major, I never really got into using a systems language and am feeling the consequences later on. I strongly suggest to people that they learn at least the basics of C or C++ before moving on to try to master a general programming language.

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